• how to lay artificial grass ireland tile merchant

    How to Install Artificial Grass: DIY Artificial Grass Installation Guide

    January 31, 2022 roberto

    How to Install Artificial Grass
    DIY Artificial Grass Installation Guide

    Introduction

    In this article, we’re going to explain everything you need to know about installing artificial grass. Any reservations you may once have had about artificial grass and the authenticity of its look can now be put to rest. Properly installed artificial grass, like the rolls available from Tile Merchant, can look and feel just like a real lawn, whilst requiring next to no maintenance. Installing fake grass in your back garden, on your patio, over decking, concrete, soil or even tiles, is a quick and affordable means of revitalising tired and hard-to-manage spaces.

     

    The only questions remaining are: How do you install artificial grass? Can you install artificial grass on your own? What tools and materials do you need?

     

    We’re glad to be able to answer the last two straight away. Though you can always turn to professional installers if need be, you can usually install artificial grass on your own (though we’d recommend doing so with another set of helping hands or two).

     

    As for what tools you’ll need, here’s what we think you should have on hand before beginning your Irish artificial grass installation this year:

    how to lay artificial grass tile merchant ireland

    Table of Contents

    Tools you need to install Artificial Grass:

    • – Garden spade
    • – Turf cutter (if laying grass on soil)
    • – Vibrating plate compactor (available to hire from most tool hire shops)
    • – Rake
    • – Retractable trimming knife (Stanley knife, for example)
    • – Cartridge gun
    • – Stiff broom
    • – Spirit level
    • – Garden hose

    Materials you need to install Artificial Grass:

    Safety Equipment to lay Artificial Grass:

    • – Safety boots
    • – Safety goggles
    • – Rigger gloves
    • – Ear defenders

    Note: Depending on the type of installation you’re going for (concrete, tile, soil, decking, or gravel) you may not need all of the above recommended materials. We suggest you read through our artificial grass installation guide for the method relevant to you, before procuring your materials.

    Installation Guide #1: Installing artificial grass on concrete or tiles

    If you’re looking to install artificial grass directly over a concrete or tiled area, and the concrete/tiling is still in good condition, then you’re in luck! The installation process for you is likely going to be easier, cheaper, and less time-consuming than it would be in most other situations.

    Step One: Measure the ground

    Before you do anything, it’s time to measure the area as accurately as possible. Using these measurements, you can order the grass, underlayer, and various other materials you need, without buying too much.

    Step Two: Ensure the base layer is in suitable condition

    It’s important that the first thing you do is check how suitable your concrete or tiled area is for laying down artificial grass.

     

    If the concrete or tiles are cracked, uneven, or broken in any extensive way, then laying your fake grass on top of them is not going to work. In such situations, we’d recommend pulling up the concrete/tiles and referring instead to our guide for laying artificial grass on soil (see below).

     

    If your concrete/tiles are in good condition, however, then we recommend checking to see that they’re even. To do so, spray all areas of the surface with water from a hose, and check to see whether the water drains, or collects anywhere in puddles.

     

    If the water collects in puddles, then drill with a 16mm bit through the concrete/tiles at the puddled areas. Fill these holes with a 10mm shingle. Lastly, wash your concrete/tiled surface thoroughly, and leave to dry out. (If weeds are an issue with your concrete/tiles, then spray the entire area with a weedkiller at this stage.)

    Step Three: Install a foam shockpad underlay

    Since the concrete/tiled area will already have adequate drainage, you can immediately lay down a shockpad underlay, rather than preparing the base layer any further. We recommend a foam shockpad like this Alpha Shockpad available from our online and physical stores.

     

    Roll out your shockpad underlay to fill the entire area of concrete or tiles, ensuring that it is snug to the edges. Use a stanley knife to carefully cut the rolls to size, and ensure they hug any obstacles tightly. Where multiple rolls meet, you can join them together either with gaffer tape or by attaching them to a strip of our Artificial Grass Joining Tape placed beneath the seams between the two rolls.

     

    Lastly, it’s time to glue the shockpad to the concrete/tiles. To do so, apply GreenFX Artificial Grass Adhesive to the edges of the area in strips about 200-300mm wide, and 2-3mm thick. (Ensure you leave drainage room if your tiled/concrete area is slightly bevelled to allow for side-drainage.) You’ll have about a half hour to work with the glue, so ensure you have the shockpads back in place in time for them to adhere to the concrete/tiles.

    Step Four: Install artificial grass on concrete or tiles

    As you did with the shockpad underlay, now roll out your artificial grass to cover the foam underlay completely, coming snug to the perimeters of the area. You can use a stanley knife to cut the rolls to size.

     

    Ensure that you lay multiple rolls in the same direction, and that the pile of the artificial grass faces the house (or main viewing point) so that it looks most authentic.

     

    Where rolls overlap, you should use your stanley knife to trim the lengths of each roll (where they meet) by three stitches (as seen from the underside). Then re-lay the rolls so that there is no more than 1-2mm of a gap between their lengths, and ensure that the seam is invisible from a distance.

     

    To join multiple rolls of artificial grass together, use the same Artificial Grass Joining Tape beneath the seams to attach the two rolls together.

     

    Finally, repeat the process of glueing the artificial grass to the shockpad in the same manner you glued the shockpad to the concrete (see above: Step Two). Leave the grass for 2-24 hours.

    Step Five: Prepare the artificial grass for use and ease-of-maintenance

    The very last step in installing artificial grass on concrete or tile is to treat the fake grass with kiln dried sand. Look for “weed-free” or “weed-resistant” kiln dried sand when installing on concrete or tile, since we did not use a weed control fabric (as you would when installing on soil).

     

    Spread the sand out at about 4-5kg per square metre. Finally, brush the grass with a stiff broom to ensure that the sand spreads out evenly and filters down to the base of the artificial grass, where it will do its work: keeping your grass cool, protected, and strong. Leave the grass to settle and then enjoy your new garden!

    Installation Guide #2: Installing artificial grass on decking

    If, instead of concrete or tiles, you’d like to install artificial grass over existing decking, you’ll be glad to know that the process is equally easy, relatively-inexpensive, and quick. It is also quite similar to installing fake grass over concrete and tile, but with one or two small differences, which we’ll discuss here.

    how to lay artificial grass on decking

    Step One: Measure the ground

    Before you do anything, it’s time to measure the area as accurately as possible. Using these measurements, you can order the grass, underlayer, and various other materials you need, without buying too much.

    Step Two: Ensure the base layer is in suitable condition

    It’s important that the first thing you do is check how suitable your decking is for laying down artificial grass.

     

    If your decking has broken or rotten boards, these will need to be replaced before you can begin installation. We also recommend spraying weed killer if your decking experiences weed problems, and giving the whole deck a good, thorough wash and dry before installation.

    Step Three: Install a foam shockpad underlay

    Since decking already has adequate drainage, you can immediately lay down a shockpad underlay, rather than preparing the base layer any further. We recommend a foam shockpad like this Alpha Shockpad available from our online and physical stores.

     

    Roll out your shockpad underlay to fill the entire area of decking, ensuring that it is snug to the edges. Use a stanley knife to carefully cut the rolls to size, and ensure they hug any obstacles tightly. Where multiple rolls meet, you can join them together either with gaffer tape or by attaching them to a strip of our Artificial Grass Joining Tape placed beneath the seams between the two rolls.

     

    Lastly, it’s time to nail the shockpad to the decking. Use Artificial Grass Fixing Pins to nail the underlay to the decking in regular intervals, all around the perimeter.

    Step Four: Install artificial grass on Decking

    As you did with the shockpad underlay, now roll out your artificial grass to cover the foam underlay completely, coming snug to the perimeters of the area. You can use a stanley knife to cut the rolls to size.

     

    Ensure that you lay multiple rolls in the same direction, and that the pile of the artificial grass faces the house (or main viewing point) so that it looks most authentic.

     

    Where rolls overlap, you should use your stanley knife to trim the lengths of each roll (where they meet) by three stitches (as seen from the underside). Then re-lay the rolls so that there is no more than 1-2mm of a gap between their lengths, and ensure that the seam is invisible from a distance.

     

    To join multiple rolls of artificial grass together, use the same Artificial Grass Joining Tape beneath the seams to attach the two rolls together.

     

    Finally, glue the artificial grass to the shockpad. To do so, apply GreenFX Artificial Grass Adhesive to the shockpad layer along the edges of the area in strips about 200-300mm wide, and 2-3mm thick. You’ll have about a half hour to work with the glue, so ensure you have the artificial grass back in place in time for them to adhere to the shockpad. Leave the grass for 2-24 hours.

    Step Five: Prepare the artificial grass for use and ease-of-maintenance

    The very last step in installing artificial grass on decking is to treat the fake grass with kiln dried sand.

     

    Spread the sand out at about 4-5kg per square metre. Finally, brush the grass with a stiff broom to ensure that the sand spreads out evenly and filters down to the base of the artificial grass, where it will do its work: keeping your grass cool, protected, and strong. Leave the grass to settle and then enjoy your new garden!

    Installation Guide #3: Installing artificial grass on gravel

    Whilst uncommon, it’s also possible to install artificial grass on gravel.

    Installing artificial grass on gravel

    Step One: Measure the ground

    Before you do anything, it’s time to measure the area as accurately as possible. Using these measurements, you can order the grass, underlayer, and various other materials you need, without buying too much.

    Step Two: Create an edge frame around the perimeter

    Artificial grass laid on gravel or soil requires a durable edge to fit it against, so you may need to install some edging at this stage. Metal, concrete, timber or brick are all suitable, just make sure the edging is level when you install it, and its height is set to be level with the grass once all base layers are laid and the grass laid on top.

    Step Three: Compact the gravel

    Using a vibrating plate compactor, compact the gravel all over, using a spirit level at intervals to ensure you’re keeping it level.

    Step Four: Add a layer of compacted sharp sand

    Next, add a 20-30mm layer of sharp sand. Rake the sand out to smooth it evenly across the underlayer of compacted gravel, then use the compactor again to make it stable. Repeat the process to give yourself a level foundation with a camber/bevelled edge around the perimeter to encourage natural drainage. Now, hose down the entire area and leave to dry (this helps weigh down the dust). Finally, spray the area with weed killer.

    Step Five: Lay the weed control membrane

    Roll out your weed control membrane ensuring that it is tight to the edges and covers the entire area. Make sure that multiple rolls overlap by a few centimetres so that weeds cannot penetrate any gaps. You can secure the weed membrane using U-pins affixed to the edge frame.

    Step Six: Install a foam shockpad underlay (optional)

    If you like, you can increase the padding of the grass with a foam underlay, which will reduce the heaviness of impacts with the grass (especially useful to households with small children). We recommend a foam shockpad like this Alpha Shockpad available from our online and physical stores.

     

    Roll out your shockpad underlay to fill the entire area of weed membrane, ensuring that it is snug to the edges. Use a stanley knife to carefully cut the rolls to size, and ensure they hug any obstacles tightly. Where multiple rolls meet, you can join them together either with gaffer tape or by attaching them to a strip of our Artificial Grass Joining Tape placed beneath the seams between the two rolls.

     

    Lastly, it’s time to nail the shockpad to the edge frame. Use Artificial Grass Fixing Pins to nail the underlay to the frame at regular intervals, all around the perimeter.

    Step Seven: Install artificial grass on gravel

    As you did with the weed membrane, now roll out your artificial grass to cover the foam underlay completely, coming snug to the perimeters of the area. You can use a stanley knife to cut the rolls to size.

     

    Ensure that you lay multiple rolls in the same direction, and that the pile of the artificial grass faces the house (or main viewing point) so that it looks most authentic.

     

    Where rolls overlap, you should use your stanley knife to trim the lengths of each roll (where they meet) by three stitches (as seen from the underside). Then re-lay the rolls so that there is no more than 1-2mm of a gap between their lengths, and ensure that the seam is invisible from a distance.

     

    To join multiple rolls of artificial grass together, use Artificial Grass Joining Tape beneath the seams to attach the two rolls together.

     

    Finally, glue the artificial grass to the shockpad/weed membrane. To do so, apply GreenFX Artificial Grass Adhesive to the shockpad layer along the edges of the area in strips about 200-300mm wide, and 2-3mm thick. You’ll have about a half hour to work with the glue, so ensure you have the artificial grass back in place in time for them to adhere to the shockpad. You can additionally use the U-pins to also nail the grass to the edge frame. Leave the grass for 2-24 hours.

    Step Eight: Prepare the artificial grass for use and ease-of-maintenance

    The very last step in installing artificial grass on decking is to treat the fake grass with kiln dried sand.

     

    Spread the sand out at about 4-5kg per square metre. Finally, brush the grass with a stiff broom to ensure that the sand spreads out evenly and filters down to the base of the artificial grass, where it will do its work: keeping your grass cool, protected, and strong. Leave the grass to settle and then enjoy your new garden!

    Installation Guide #4: Installing artificial grass on soil

    Last but not least, here is our installation guide for installing artificial grass on an area currently covered by natural grass. This is undoubtedly the most labour-intensive method of installing artificial grass

    how to lay artificial grass on soil

    Step One: Measure the ground

    Before you do anything, it’s time to measure the area as accurately as possible. Using these measurements, you can order the grass, underlayer, and various other materials you need, without buying too much.

    Step Two: Dig up the turf and create an edge perimeter

    Remove the top layer of turf (a turf-cutter will significantly reduce the effort required). Next, dig down to a 100mm depth all around the edges of the perimeter, and to a 75mm depth everywhere else. This naturally bevelled edge will help with drainage later.#

     

    Note: If you intend to lay a foam shockpad underlay beneath the grass, dig a further 10mm at both the edges and centre to allow for this additional thickness later on.

     

    Next, install some edging. Artificial grass laid on soil requires a durable edge to fit it against. Metal, concrete, timber or brick are all suitable, just make sure the edging is level when you install it, and its height is set to be level with the grass once all base layers are laid and the grass laid on top

    Step Three: Add two layers of aggregate

    Cover the excavated area in a 75mm layer of rough aggregate, such as MOT type 1. Level it out using a rake, before compacting it with a vibrating plate compactor.

     

    Next, add a 20-30mm layer of sharp sand. Rake the sand out to smooth it evenly across the underlayer of compacted MOT type 1, then use the compactor again to make it stable. Repeat the process to give yourself a level foundation. Now, hose down the entire area and leave to dry (this helps weigh down the dust). Finally, spray the area with weed killer.

    Step Four: Lay the weed control membrane

    Roll out your weed control membrane ensuring that it is tight to the edges and covers the entire area. Make sure that multiple rolls overlap by a few centimetres so that weeds cannot penetrate any gaps. You can secure the weed membrane using U-pins affixed to the edge frame.

    Step Five: Install a foam shockpad underlay (optional)

    If you like, you can increase the padding of the grass with a foam underlay, which will reduce the heaviness of impacts with the grass (especially useful to households with small children). We recommend a foam shockpad like this Alpha Shockpad available from our online and physical stores.

     

    Roll out your shockpad underlay to fill the entire area of weed membrane, ensuring that it is snug to the edges. Use a stanley knife to carefully cut the rolls to size, and ensure they hug any obstacles tightly. Where multiple rolls meet, you can join them together either with gaffer tape or by attaching them to a strip of our Artificial Grass Joining Tape placed beneath the seams between the two rolls.

     

    Lastly, it’s time to nail the shockpad to the edge frame. Use Artificial Grass Fixing Pins to nail the underlay to the frame at regular intervals, all around the perimeter.

    Step Six: Install artificial grass on soil

    As you did with the weed membrane, now roll out your artificial grass to cover the foam underlay completely, coming snug to the perimeters of the area. You can use a stanley knife to cut the rolls to size.

     

    Ensure that you lay multiple rolls in the same direction, and that the pile of the artificial grass faces the house (or main viewing point) so that it looks most authentic.

     

    Where rolls overlap, you should use your stanley knife to trim the lengths of each roll (where they meet) by three stitches (as seen from the underside). Then re-lay the rolls so that there is no more than 1-2mm of a gap between their lengths, and ensure that the seam is invisible from a distance.

     

    To join multiple rolls of artificial grass together, use Artificial Grass Joining Tape beneath the seams to attach the two rolls together.

     

    Finally, glue the artificial grass to the shockpad/weed membrane. To do so, apply GreenFX Artificial Grass Adhesive to the shockpad layer along the edges of the area in strips about 200-300mm wide, and 2-3mm thick. You’ll have about a half hour to work with the glue, so ensure you have the artificial grass back in place in time for them to adhere to the shockpad. You can additionally use the U-pins to also nail the grass to the edge frame. Leave the grass for 2-24 hours.

    Step Seven: Prepare the artificial grass for use and ease-of-maintenance

    The very last step in installing artificial grass on decking is to treat the fake grass with kiln dried sand.

     

    Spread the sand out at about 4-5kg per square metre. Finally, brush the grass with a stiff broom to ensure that the sand spreads out evenly and filters down to the base of the artificial grass, where it will do its work: keeping your grass cool, protected, and strong. Leave the grass to settle and then enjoy your new garden!

    how to install artificial grass

    Conclusion - How to lay artificial grass

    Artificial grass can save you hundreds of hours of maintenance when compared to real grass, whilst keeping the same quality of feel, aesthetics, and durability throughout its long lifetime. Many a garden, patio and deck can be improved by laying artificial grass, and what’s better, you can usually complete the installation yourself! Just make sure that you read through the installation guide relevant to your foundation layer before starting: whether it’s concrete, gravel, soil, tile, or decking. You can buy just about everything you need to install artificial grass on the Tile Merchant website, or pop into one of our Dublin showrooms to see it for yourself.

    Why Tile Merchant?

    We offer extremely competitive pricing on our entire range of tiles and likewise. We stock a huge range of wall and floor tiles and our prices are competitive for retail and trade. Our stock is widely available in our showrooms in Dublin which are open 7 days a week

    .

    Alternatively, if you’d prefer to shop our tiles online, we can supply you with samples delivered for free.

    Blog by Calum
    Tile Merchant
    Cal Bannerman is a freelance writer, editor, podcaster and voice actor from the Scottish Borders. They run the storytelling podcast “Stories from the Hearth”, and live in a wee Glasgow flat with their partner and cat.

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